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CSS Reference

CSS Reference CSS Selectors CSS Functions CSS Reference Aural CSS Web Safe Fonts CSS Animatable CSS Units CSS PX-EM Converter CSS Colors CSS Color Values CSS3 Browser Support

CSS Properties

align-content align-items align-self all animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function backface-visibility background background-attachment background-blend-mode background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-repeat background-size border border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-shadow box-sizing caption-side clear clip color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset cursor direction display empty-cells filter flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-weight hanging-punctuation height justify-content @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-bottom margin-left margin-right margin-top max-height max-width @media min-height min-width nav-down nav-index nav-left nav-right nav-up opacity order outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-x overflow-y padding padding-bottom padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside perspective perspective-origin position quotes resize right tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-indent text-justify text-overflow text-shadow text-transform top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function unicode-bidi vertical-align visibility white-space width word-break word-spacing word-wrap z-index



 

CSS3 transform Property


Example

Rotate a <div> element:

div {
    -ms-transform: rotate(9deg); /* IE 9 */
    -webkit-transform: rotate(9deg); /* Chrome, Safari, Opera */
    transform: rotate(9deg);
}

Definition and Usage

The transform property applies a 2D or 3D transformation to an element. This property allows you to rotate, scale, move, skew, etc., elements.

To better understand the transform property, view a demo.

Default value: none
Inherited: no
Animatable: yes.
Version: CSS3
JavaScript syntax: object.style.transform="rotate(9deg)"

Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.

Numbers followed by -webkit-, -moz-, or -o- specify the first version that worked with a prefix.

Property
transform (2D) 36.0
4.0 -webkit-
12.0 10.0
9.0 -ms-
16.0
3.5 -moz-
9.0
3.2 -webkit-
23.0
15.0 -webkit-
10.5 -o-
transform (3D) 36.0
12.0 -webkit-
12.0 10.0 16.0
10.0 -moz-
9.0
4.0 -webkit-
23.0
15.0 -webkit-

Syntax

transform: none|transform-functions|initial|inherit;

Property Values

Value Description
none Defines that there should be no transformation
matrix(n,n,n,n,n,n) Defines a 2D transformation, using a matrix of six values
matrix3d
(n,n,n,n,n,n,n,n,n,n,n,n,n,n,n,n)
Defines a 3D transformation, using a 4x4 matrix of 16 values
translate(x,y) Defines a 2D translation
translate3d(x,y,z) Defines a 3D translation
translateX(x) Defines a translation, using only the value for the X-axis
translateY(y) Defines a translation, using only the value for the Y-axis
translateZ(z) Defines a 3D translation, using only the value for the Z-axis
scale(x,y) Defines a 2D scale transformation
scale3d(x,y,z) Defines a 3D scale transformation
scaleX(x) Defines a scale transformation by giving a value for the X-axis
scaleY(y) Defines a scale transformation by giving a value for the Y-axis
scaleZ(z) Defines a 3D scale transformation by giving a value for the Z-axis
rotate(angle) Defines a 2D rotation, the angle is specified in the parameter
rotate3d(x,y,z,angle) Defines a 3D rotation
rotateX(angle) Defines a 3D rotation along the X-axis
rotateY(angle) Defines a 3D rotation along the Y-axis
rotateZ(angle) Defines a 3D rotation along the Z-axis
skew(x-angle,y-angle) Defines a 2D skew transformation along the X- and the Y-axis
skewX(angle) Defines a 2D skew transformation along the X-axis
skewY(angle) Defines a 2D skew transformation along the Y-axis
perspective(n) Defines a perspective view for a 3D transformed element
initial Sets this property to its default value. initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. inherit

This example demonstrates how to create "polaroid" pictures and rotate the pictures.