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HTML5 Drag and Drop


Drag and drop is a part of the HTML5 standard.


welookups

Drag the welookups image into the rectangle.


Drag and Drop

Drag and drop is a most useful feature in web Page.

In HTML5 drag and drop is common part of the element can be draggable.


Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports Drag and Drop.

API
Drag and Drop 4.0 9.0 3.5 6.0 12.0

HTML Drag and Drop Example

The example below is a simple drag and drop example:

Example

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
<script>
function allowDrop(ev) {
    ev.preventDefault();
}

function drag(ev) {
    ev.dataTransfer.setData("text", ev.target.id);
}

function drop(ev) {
    ev.preventDefault();
    var data = ev.dataTransfer.getData("text");
    ev.target.appendChild(document.getElementById(data));
}
</script>
</head>
<body>

<div id="div1" ondrop="drop(event)" ondragover="allowDrop(event)"></div>

<img id="drag1" src="img_logo.gif" draggable="true"
ondragstart="drag(event)" width="336" height="69">

</body>
</html>
Try it yourself »

We are starting study parts of a drag and drop event.


Make an Element Draggable

First of all To make an element draggable set the draggable attribute to true

<img draggable="true">

What to Drag - ondragstart and setData()

Then, specify what should happen when the element is dragged.

In the example above, the ondragstart attribute calls a function, drag(event), that specifies what data to be dragged.

The dataTransfer.setData() method sets the data type and the value of the dragged data:

function drag(ev) {
    ev.dataTransfer.setData("text", ev.target.id);
}

The data type is "text" and the value is the id of the draggable element ("drag1").


Where to Drop - ondragover

The ondragover event specifies where the dragged data can be dropped.

data/elements cannot be dropped in other elements. To allow a drop, we must prevent the default handling of the element.

This is done by calling the event.preventDefault() method for the ondragover event:

event.preventDefault()

Do the Drop - ondrop

When the dragged data is dropped, a drop event occurs.

In the example above the ondrop attribute calls a function drop:

function drop(ev) {
    ev.preventDefault();
    var data = ev.dataTransfer.getData("text");
    ev.target.appendChild(document.getElementById(data));
}

Code explained:

  • Call preventDefault() to prevent the browser is open as link on drop.
  • Get the dragged data with the dataTransfer.getData() method. This method will return any data that was set to the same type in the setData() method
  • The dragged data is the id of the dragged element ("drag1")
  • It is append the dragged element into the drop element.