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HTML Uniform Resource Locators


URL represents Uniform Resource Locator it is another for web addresss.

A URL can be made out of words welookups.com or an Web Protocol (IP) address (69.90.66.250).

Enter the name is more simpler than IP number


URL - Uniform Resource Locator

Web programs ask for pages from web servers by utilizing a URL.

When you click on a connection in a HTML page, a hidden <a> label focuses to an address on the web.

A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is utilized to address a report (or other information) on the web.

A web address, as http://www.welookups.com/html/default.html pursues these linguistic structure rules:

plot://prefix.domain:port/way/filename

Explanation:

  • scheme - characterizes the type of most regular is http)
  • prefix - characterizes a space prefix (default for http is www)
  • domain - characterizes the Internet domain name (welookups.com)
  • port - characterizes the port number at the host (default for http is 80)
  • path - characterizes a path at the server (If precluded: the root registry of the site)
  • filename - characterizes the name of a report or resource

Common URL Schemes

The table beneath records some basic schemes:

Scheme full form Used for
http HyperText Transfer Protocol Common pages. it isn't encrypted
https Secure HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure pages. it is Encrypted
ftp File Transfer Protocol Downloading(client side) or transferring files(server side)
file   A document on your computer

URL Encoding

URLs must be sent over the Internet utilizing the ASCII character-set. In the event that a URL contains characters outside the ASCII set, the URL must be converted.

URL encoding changes over non-ASCII characters into an arrangement that can be transmitted over the Internet.

URL encoding replaces non-ASCII characters with a "%" trailed by hexadecimal digits.

URLs can't contain spaces. URL encoding ordinarily replaces a space with a in addition (+) sign, or %20.



If you click "Present", the program will URL encode the information before it is sent to the server.

A page at the server will show the got input.

Try some other information and snap Submit again.


ASCII Encoding Examples

program will encode when you enter character

The default character-set in HTML5 is UTF-8.

Character From Windows-1252 From UTF-8
%10 %E2%82%AC
£ %A3 %C2%A3
© %A9 %C2%A9
® %AE %C2%AE
À %C0 %C3%80
Á %C1 %C3%81
 %C2 %C3%82
à %C3 %C3%83
Ä %C4 %C3%84
Å %C5 %C3%85