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JSP XML data processing


When sending XML data via HTTP, it is necessary to use JSP to process incoming and outgoing XML documents, such as RSS documents. As an XML document, it's just a bunch of text. Creating an XML document using JSP is no more difficult than creating an HTML document.


Send XML using JSP

Sending XML content is the same as sending HTML content using JSP. The only difference is that you need to set the page's context property to text / xml. To set the context property, use <%@page % >Command, like this:

<%@ page contentType="text/xml" %>

The following example sends XML content to the browser:

<%@ page contentType="text/xml" %>

<books>
   <book>
      <name>Padam History</name>
      <author>ZARA</author>
      <price>100</price>
   </book>
</books>

Use a different browser to access this example and see the document tree presented by this example.


Processing XML in JSP

Before using JSP to process XML, you need to put two library files related to XML and XPath <Tomcat Installation Directory>\libUnder contents:

books.xml file:

<books>
<book>
  <name>Padam History</name>
  <author>ZARA</author>
  <price>100</price>
</book>
<book>
  <name>Great Mistry</name>
  <author>NUHA</author>
  <price>2000</price>
</book>
</books>

main.jsp file:

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"
    pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ taglib prefix="x" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/xml" %>
 
<html>
<head>
  <title>JSTL x:parse Tags</title>
</head>
<body>
<h3>Books Info:</h3>
<c:import var="bookInfo" url="http://localhost:8080/books.xml"/>
 
<x:parse xml="${bookInfo}" var="output"/>
<b>The title of the first book is</b>: 
<x:out select="$output/books/book[1]/name" />
<br>
<b>The price of the second book</b>: 
<x:out select="$output/books/book[2]/price" />
 
</body>
</html>

Visit http://localhost:8080/main.jsp,The results are as follows:

BOOKS INFO:
The title of the first book is:Padam History 
The price of the second book: 2000

Format XML using JSP

This is the XSLT stylesheet style.xsl file:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<xsl:stylesheet xmlns:xsl=
"http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform" version="1.0">
 
<xsl:output method="html" indent="yes"/>
 
<xsl:template match="/">
  <html>
  <body>
   <xsl:apply-templates/>
  </body>
  </html>
</xsl:template>
 
<xsl:template match="books">
  <table border="1" width="100%">
    <xsl:for-each select="book">
      <tr>
        <td>
          <i><xsl:value-of select="name"/></i>
        </td>
        <td>
          <xsl:value-of select="author"/>
        </td>
        <td>
          <xsl:value-of select="price"/>
        </td>
      </tr>
    </xsl:for-each>
  </table>
</xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>

This is the main.jsp file:

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ taglib prefix="x" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/xml" %>
 
<html>
<head>
  <title>JSTL x:transform Tags</title>
</head>
<body>
<h3>Books Info:</h3>
<c:set var="xmltext">
  <books>
    <book>
      <name>Padam History</name>
      <author>ZARA</author>
      <price>100</price>
    </book>
    <book>
      <name>Great Mistry</name>
      <author>NUHA</author>
      <price>2000</price>
    </book>
  </books>
</c:set>
 
<c:import url="http://localhost:8080/style.xsl" var="xslt"/>
<x:transform xml="${xmltext}" xslt="${xslt}"/>
 
</body>
</html>