HTML5 New Elements

New Elements in HTML5

HTML 4.01 has changed a lot since 1999. Today, several of HTML 4.01 have been deprecated. These elements have been removed or redefined in HTML5.

To better handle today's Internet applications, HTML5 adds many new elements and features, such as: Graphic drawing, multimedia content, better page structure, better form Handling, and several api drag and drop elements, positioning, including web pages Application caching, storage, network workers, etc.

Tag Description
<article> Defines an article in the document
<aside> Defines content aside from the page content
<bdi> Defines a part of text that might be formatted in a different direction from other text
<details> Defines additional details that the user can view or hide
<dialog> Defines a dialog box or window
<figcaption> Defines a caption for a <figure> element
<figure> Defines self-contained content, like illustrations, diagrams, photos, code listings, etc.
<footer> Defines a footer for the document or a section
<header> Defines a header for the document or a section
<main> Defines the main content of a document
<mark> Defines marked or highlighted text
<menuitem>  Defines a command/menu item that the user can invoke from a popup menu
<meter> Defines a scalar measurement within a known range (a gauge)
<nav> Defines navigation links in the document
<progress> Defines the progress of a task
<rp> Defines what to show in browsers that do not support ruby annotations
<rt> Defines an explanation/pronunciation of characters (for East Asian typography)
<ruby> Defines a ruby annotation (for East Asian typography)
<section> Defines a section in the document
<summary> Defines a visible heading for a <details> element
<time> Defines a date/time
<wbr> Defines a possible line-break

Read more about HTML5 Semantics.

New Form Elements

Tag Description
<datalist> Defines pre-defined options for input controls
<keygen> Defines a key-pair generator field (for forms)
<output> Defines the result of a calculation

New Input Types

New Input Types New Input Attributes
  • color
  • date
  • datetime
  • datetime-local
  • email
  • month
  • number
  • range
  • search
  • tel
  • time
  • url
  • week
  • autocomplete
  • autofocus
  • form
  • formaction
  • formenctype
  • formmethod
  • formnovalidate
  • formtarget
  • height and width
  • list
  • min and max
  • multiple
  • pattern (regexp)
  • placeholder
  • required
  • step

Learn all about old and new input types in HTML Input Types.

Learn all about input attributes in HTML Input Attributes.

HTML5 - New Attribute Syntax

HTML5 allows four different syntaxes for attributes.

This example demonstrates the different syntaxes used in an <input> tag:

Type Example
Empty <input type="text" value="John" disabled>
Unquoted <input type="text" value=John>
Double-quoted <input type="text" value="John Doe">
Single-quoted <input type="text" value='John Doe'>

In HTML5, all four syntaxes may be used, depending on what is needed for the attribute.

HTML5 Graphics

Tag Description
<canvas> Defines graphic drawing using JavaScript
<svg> Defines graphic drawing using SVG

Read more about HTML5 Canvas.

Read more about HTML5 SVG.

New Media Elements

Tag Description
<audio> Defines sound or music content
<embed> Defines containers for external applications (like plug-ins)
<source> Defines sources for <video> and <audio>
<track> Defines tracks for <video> and <audio>
<video> Defines video or movie content