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# Scala - Operators

An operator is a symbol that tells the compiler to perform the specified mathematical and logical operations.

Scala is rich in built-in operators, including the following types:

• Arithmetic Operators

• Relational operator

• Logical Operators

• Bit Operator

• Assignment Operator

Next we will give you a detailed introduction to the application of the above various operators.

## Arithmetic Operators

let us assume variable A holds 15 and variable B holds 30, then
Operator Description Example
+ Adds two operands A + B will give 35
- Subtracts second operand from the first A - B will give -15
* Multiplies both operands A * B will give 450
/ Divides numerator by de-numerator B / A will give 2
% Modulus operator finds the remainder after division of one number by another B % A will give 0

## Relational Operators

For example let us assume variable A holds 15 and variable B holds 30,
Operator Description Example
== Checks if the values of two operands are equal or not, if yes then condition becomes true. (A == B) is not true.
!= Checks if the values of two operands are equal or not, if values are not equal then condition becomes true. (A != B) is true.
> Checks if the value of left operand is greater than the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. (A > B) is not true.
< Checks if the value of left operand is less than the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. (A < B) is true.
>= Checks if the value of left operand is greater than or equal to the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. (A >= B) is not true.
<= Checks if the value of left operand is less than or equal to the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. (A <= B) is true.

## Bitwise Operators

Bitwise operator works on bits and perform bit by bit operation.
p q p & q p | q p ^ q
0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 1 1
1 1 1 1 0
1 0 0 1 1

## Assignment Operators

Operator Description Example
= Simple assignment operator, Assigns values from right side operands to left side operand C = A + B will assign value of A + B into C
+= Add AND assignment operator, It adds right operand to the left operand and assign the result to left operand C += A is equivalent to C = C + A
-= Subtract AND assignment operator, It subtracts right operand from the left operand and assign the result to left operand C -= A is equivalent to C = C - A
*= Multiply AND assignment operator, It multiplies right operand with the left operand and assign the result to left operand C *= A is equivalent to C = C * A
/= Divide AND assignment operator, It divides left operand with the right operand and assign the result to left operand C /= A is equivalent to C = C / A
%= Modulus AND assignment operator, It takes modulus using two operands and assign the result to left operand C %= A is equivalent to C = C % A
<<= Left shift AND assignment operator C <<= 2 is same as C = C << 2
>>= Right shift AND assignment operator C >>= 2 is same as C = C >> 2
&= Bitwise AND assignment operator C &= 2 is same as C = C & 2
^= bitwise exclusive OR and assignment operator C ^= 2 is same as C = C ^ 2
|= bitwise inclusive OR and assignment operator C |= 2 is same as C = C | 2

## Operators Precedence in Scala

Category Operator Associativity
Postfix () [] Left to right
Unary ! ~ Right to left
Multiplicative * / % Left to right
Additive + - Left to right
Shift >> >>> << Left to right
Relational > >= < <= Left to right
Equality == != Left to right
Bitwise AND & Left to right
Bitwise XOR ^ Left to right
Bitwise OR | Left to right
Logical AND && Left to right
Logical OR || Left to right
Assignment = += -= *= /= %= >>= <<= &= ^= |= Right to left
Comma , Left to right